The carpets of Central Asia are a magniﬁcent monument of folk art and the richest source for the study of material culture. Even at a cursory glance, acquaintance with the carpet products of the peoples of Central Asia, it is clear that this is an art with a long history.
The artistic traditions of the folk carpet craft are unusually high. Artistic types of Central Asian carpets are the result of labor and creative searches of many generations. The high quality of carpets is due to the perfection of subtle technical and artistic techniques. The combination of virtuoso technique and technology proven by centuries of folk experience with high artistic forms is a distinctive feature of carpet weaving.
The high degree of development of carpet weaving among pastoral peoples was determined by the great role of carpet products in everyday life. They replaced furniture in everyday life, all types of containers, were used to fasten the wooden parts of the yurt, to gird the lattice frame to strengthen and decorate it. From the rays of the scorching sun, cold and dust, the entrance to the yurt was hung from the outside with a carpet curtain, and the threshold was covered with a small narrow rug. The earthen ﬂoor of the yurt was covered with soft and warm felts, rugs and carpets. Utensils, all household belongings were stored in specially prepared carpet duﬀel bags hung on the lattice bindings of a yurt or laid in rows on chests. They used carpet fabrics for sweeping bags and blankets.
For all the pastoralists of Central Asia, carpets were part of the girl’s dowry. According to custom, the bride had to bring to her dowry a full set of carpets used in everyday yurt life. Since carpet weaving has always been in the hands of women and was closely associated with a narrow domestic life, the variety of carpet products reﬂected the identity of the peoples.
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